THE LIVING ORGANIC FERTILIZER

LITERATURE
MICROBIAL ACTIVITIES

The following table shows the species of bacteria in the BPA Technology that can fix elements and/or transform elements into more stable and easily assimilated nutrients by the plants.


Element Microorganisms Responsible for Fixation or Conversion to Assimilable Nutrients Rate of Assimilation by Plants
Nitrogen For Asymbiotic N-fixation:
Azotobacter vinelandii converts N→NH2-N→NH3-N→NH4-N

Nitrosomonas europeae converts
N→NO2-N

Nitrobacter winogradskyi converts NO2-N→NO3-N

For Symbiotic N-fixation: Rhizobium japonicum; Rhizobium leguminosarum;

Rhizopus oligosporus; Mycorhizza sp.
Average of 0.3 % of total weight biomass
Phosphorus The following microbes solubilize insoluble phosphorus into assimilable nutrients for plant use:

Bacillus subtilis; Bacillus licheniformis; Penicillium notatum; Aspergillus niger

Note: Solubilization is enhanced by organic acids e.g. formic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, etc.
Average of 0.2 % of total weight biomass
Potassium The following microbes solubilize insoluble potassium into assimilable nutrients for plant use:

Bacillus sp.; Aspergillus sp.; Penicillium sp.
Average of 0.2 % of total weight biomass
Sulfur The following microbes oxidize inorganic sulfur into assimilable compounds and also capable of reducing sulfur to sulfide:

Thiobacillus thiooxidans; Thiobacillus ferrooxidans
Average of 0.01 % of total weight biomass
Iron These microbes reduce ferric to ferrous hence, minimizing phyto-toxicity in iron toxic soils:

Thiobacillus ferrooxidans; Bacillus sp.
Average of 0.01 % of total weight biomass
Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc, Copper, Boron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Alumina, Silica, Selenium, Sodium, Chlorine, Iodine & Colloidal Silver The following microbes would solubilize the elements mentioned:

Arthrobacter sp.; Bacillus sp.; Corynebacterium sp.; Klebsiella sp.; Aspergillus sp. & Penillium notatum
Average of 0.001 % to 0.005 % of the total weight of biomass


APPENDIX
PROBIOTICS

Probiotics boost crops immune system, they also act as a defense force by attacking pathogenic microorganisms in the soil.

The following table shows the list of microorganisms that produce Probiotics, beneficial to maintain crops health.

Microorganisms Probiotics
Bacillus subtilis Terramycin
Bacillus polymyxa Polymixin
Bacillus licheniformis Bacitracin
Streptomyces thermophilus Streptomycin
Penicillium notatum Penicillin